Child speaking with adult

What are phonological processes and when should my child stop using them?

November 24, 2020

Watching your child hit developmental milestones is always an exciting time! Their personalities are developing and their actions are slowly mimicking the world around them. Your child’s speech is no different, so, how do you know if it’s age-appropriate? When children learn to speak they often start with producing the most visible sounds (p, b,…

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What are Vocal Nodules?

November 19, 2020

Vocal nodules are non cancerous growths on the vocal folds. They affect the way a person’s voice sounds. The voice can sound hoarse, lower in pitch, or breathy. They form because of repeated stress on one area of the vocal folds. They often form in pairs. Some causes for vocal nodules include talking loudly, allergies,…

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What is the difference between an articulation disorder and a phonological disorder?

November 19, 2020

Articulation refers to the movement of speech mechanisms such as the tongue, lips, larynx, teeth, hard palate, nose, etc., These mechanisms may not work properly due to being weak, damaged, or malformed, which causes a speech sound disorder.  On the other hand, phonological disorders focus on the predictable rule-based errors in speech. An example of…

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Apraxia

November 19, 2020

What is Apraxia of Speech? Apraxia is a motor speech sound disorder. It is sometimes referred to as Apraxia of Speech (AOS) or Childhood Apraxia of Speech (CAS). Apraxia is neurological meaning that it affects the brain pathways involved in planning the sequence of movements needed to produce speech. The brain knows what it wants…

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